Minority languages of Russia
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Karelian language - one of the Finno-Ugric languages (Balto-Finnic group). Spoken in the Republic of Karelia and the Tver, Leningrad and Murmansk regions. The number of the Karelians in Russia is 124,9 thousand. 48,6 % of them regard Karelian as their mother tongue, 51,1 % Russian. Main dialects: Karelian Proper, Olonets and Ludic.
A number of books in various Karelian dialects were printed in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century (Cyrillic script). A literary language for the Tver Karelians based on the Latin script was created in 1931. In the Karelian republic Finnish was used as the literary language. A unified Karelian literary language based on the Cyrillic script existed in 1937-40. New literary varieties based on the Latin script have been developed since the end of the 1980's.
Basic information on the Karelian language
Samples of folklore
Pages in Karelian
Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi