Minority languages of Russia
on the Net
Tatar language - one of the Turkic languages. Spoken in the Republic of Tatarstan, in a number of districts of Bashkortostan, Mari El, Udmurtia, Mordovia, in many other regions of Russia as well as in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. The number of the Tatars in Russia is 5 million 522,1 thousand. 85,6 % of them regard Tatar as their mother tongue, 14,2 % Russian. Tatar language is also spoken among the Bashkirs (227,8 thousand Bashkirs regard it as their mother tongue) and Maris.
The oldest surviving Tatar texts date back to the 13th century. The modern literary language was developed under the influence of spoken Tatar since the middle of the 19th century. The phonetics and lexicon of the literary language are close to the Central dialect, morphology to the Western dialect. The writing system was based on the Arab script until 1927, then on Latin, and from 1939 - Cyrillic script. A decision to switch into the Latin alphabet has been made recently.
General information on the Tatar language
Education and science
Sites in the Tatar language
Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi